Hair adds visual appeal to one’s physical appearance. The average lifespan for a healthy strand of hair is between 2 and 5 years. When a strand of hair falls out, a new one automatically replaces the old strand and begins its life. The hair normally grows one and a half inches per month. All of these factors describe a normal strand of hair. However, there are several people all over the world who are experiencing problems related to baldness. There are several reasons bald spots can develop on the head. The problem can be cured with surgery or medications; there are also a number of natural therapies and remedies that have proven to be effective.
The Main Cause of Bald Spots
Bald spots can occur for both genders, but the problem is more common in men than women. There are many reasons for this. Fortunately, it is possible to resume hair growth if the cause of the problem are identified. Here are some of the reasons balding may occur.
Genetics is the main reason for balding. This can happen with men and women. For instance, if both your grandfather and father were bald, chances are you will also experience baldness. This is known as pattern baldness.
Additional Reasons for Balding
Aside from genetics, here are a few more reasons why a person could lose their hair.
- Androgenic alopecia. This is a major cause of baldness. The condition occurs when testosterone is converted to dihydrotestosterone. Androgenic alopecia can happen with both women and men. Women may develop a bald spot due to high androgen levels in pregnancy; using birth control pills, menopause, perimenopause, or polycystic ovarian syndrom leads to androgenic alopecia as well.
- Stress and shock. These are also contributing factors to baldness. Surgery and illness could also be the reasons for hair loss. Mental and psychological stress can cause the hair to fall out as well. However, trauma to the body and stress are only causes of temporary baldness, as the hair usually grows back after the body is no longer under stress.
- Medication. Baldness is the side effect of some medications. Thyroid medication, as well as antidepressants, chemotherapy and radiation can cause a person to lose his/her hair. This is temporary and will reverse itself after the person is no longer taking the medication that is causing baldness.
- Poor nutrition. A deficiency in iron, zinc, protein, vitamins and minerals can cause the hair to fall out. A drastic change in diet can lead to baldness as well. People who experience hair loss due to poor nutrition often have thinning hair and bald spots at various areas on the head.
- Alopecia areata. This is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the hair follicles, causing bald spots. The body may heal itself to eliminate the condition, or an individual with alopecia areata can receive treatments to restore hair growth.
Certain infections, like ringworm, can also prompt the hair to fall out. Ringworm is a common fungal infection that is highly contagious. The bald spots caused by ringworm tend to be round and are accompanied by itching, blisters and redness. Yeast infections and bacterial infections lead to hair loss as well. Diabetes, lupus, Addison’s disease, or an over- or underactive thyroid can also lead to hair loss in both men and women.
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Pituitary adenomas, also known as pituitary tumors, are associated with causing enlarged pituitary glands in many cases. These tumors, depending on their size, are placed in one of two categories. Those measuring less than a centimeter are called microadenomas, and those that are larger than a centimeter are called macroadenomas. They can also be divided into two groups which are based on the tumors’ ability to produce hormones; non-functioning tumors and functioning tumors. Because these tumors do not spread they are considered benign. However, pituitary adenomas can create some issues due to their closeness to the brain, especially the larger macroadenomas. They can end up causing damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the surrounding areas; because as they grow, they put pressure on them.
Another cause of enlargement of the pituitary gland can be a result of internal bleeding, as well as being a reaction to underlying health issues such as tuberculosis or sarcoidosis. Cushing’s syndrome is another disorder that can develop when an excess of adrenocorticotropic hormones (ACTH) are secreted by the pituitary gland. A slight enlargement of the pituitary gland can be linked to thyroid disorder in many cases.
When pituitary adenoma is the cause of swelling in the pituitary gland, it can sometimes disrupt the production of hormones, but not in every case. The symptoms are very noticeable when they do affect the production of hormones. Some of these symptoms include lethargy, headache, vomiting, drooping eyelids, nausea, double vision, and an issue with one’s sense of smell.
Problems with vision are the more common symptom due to the pituitary gland putting pressure on the optic nerve, usually passing above it as it grows. It has been seen to cause a loss of vision in some cases too. However, in most cases the part of the body that is affected will depend on the particular hormone that is being overproduced or underproduced.
Diagnosis and Treatment
It is important to receive treatment for this condition as soon as possible due to the potential hazards of this ailment which can include permanent vision loss. Imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans are used in diagnosing this condition. Also, during the initial process of diagnosis, symptoms mentioned above are taken into consideration. Treating the underlying issue is usually the focus of any treatment process.
One effective treatment for the symptoms linked to pituitary disorders is hormone replacement therapy. When underproduction or overproduction of hormones are the cause of these symptoms, in many cases they can be corrected or cured through restoring and rebalancing the hormones through hormone replacement therapy. In cases where it is a tumor, surgery or radiation therapy may be needed. In some cases the symptoms can be treated with medication. This is usually done when it is an underlying condition such as tuberculosis.
The pituitary gland is obviously one of the components in our body that is important. Problems with the pituitary gland will generally result in adverse effects on a person’s health. While the pituitary adenomas cannot spread out to other areas of the body, they can still affect ones health as they put pressure on surrounding nerves and blood vessels.
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Part of the process of dental implant surgery includes fitting a metal screw into the jawbone. The metal screw allows the permanent or removable false teeth to be securely anchored. It does this by fusing with the jawbone (maxilla or mandible) which in turn creates a stronger foundation to fit any prosthetics. Those who are considered good candidates for having this type of surgery are people who are in good physical and dental health.
The surgery itself has a 98% rate of success. Most dental insurances will cover the expense of dental implants. There are some rare cases where the implant is rejected. Also, there are some complications that may arise such as a bone fracture, or infection. These are also very rare occurrences though. After surgery, most people tend to experience some pain. Due to the use of anesthesia, the surgery itself is painless. Slight discomfort and pain is experienced after the procedure is done. The pain usually recedes in 2 or 3 days. To deal with pain, your dentist may prescribe an analgesic along with an antibiotic for pain relief. In cases where the pain becomes severe, one should immediately see their dentist.
In order to diagnose possible issues being the cause of reported and persistent pain after dental implant surgery, your doctor will generally go over the procedure details. When there has been too much pressure during the screwing in of the metal screw or implant, it can result in a build up of pressure as the body’s response to inflammation. This can cause damage to the ID Nerve, especially if it was the mandible that the implant was fitted into.
Causes Of Pain
As mentioned above, upon reporting pain that is persistent and severe which follows dental implant surgery, your doctor will review the details of the procedure in order to properly diagnose any possible issues. Listed below are a few of the possible causes that the dentist will check into one by one.
- Dental injury
- Untreated infection
- Bone infection
- Aberrant nerve
- Use of an incorrect technique when screwing the implant into the jawbone
When there has been too much compression during the process of screwing, it can cause pressure to build up as a response of our body in dealing with the inflammation. The ID nerve can be damaged, especially in situations where it was the mandible that has been fitted for the implant.
Once the cause of the pain produced by dental implant surgery has been diagnosed, the dentist will be able to prescribe the appropriate medications for treatment. Pain medications will differ from one patient to the next because the extent of pain differs between patients. The use of analgesics to help with pain is something that is only meant to be used for a short time period.
When the pain is a result of inter-bony pressure building up, the only choice is to have the implant removed. It can take about a week or more for this pressure to be completely released from the bone. When a week has passed, the implant can be refitted into the same position. In situations where an implant has been rejected by the patient’s body, the dentist will generally fit a different, and usually much bigger implant. Normally the dentist will not charge extra for refitting a second implant. Pain should usually subside between 3 to 5 days.
There are many advantages to having dental implant surgery. One should not let the thought of pain or other complications deter them from choosing this option of treatment. Using corrective measure can easily deal with any conditions that may arise.
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Kyphosis is a disease affecting the middle part of the thoracic area of the neck and spine that causes the spinal column to become more round than straight. It may be due to sitting a lot, an accident, osteoporosis, congenital defects or diseases that cause joint degeneration. People that do not have proper posture may suffer from kyphosis, especially if they have back problems and weak abdominal muscles. Treatment involves exercises designed specifically to combat the disease, as well as surgery and medication. Exercises focus on strengthening the abdominal muscles and the back while stretching hamstrings and chest muscles to improve posture.
Exercises For Postural Kyphosis
* Postural kyphosis is relatively minor, typically developing during the adolescent years. Exercises focus on strengthening the rhomboids and trapezius.
* Shoulder Blade Squeeze- Tuck your chin next to your chest while in a sitting position. Bring the shoulder blades toward each other. Hold the position momentarily, for just a few seconds. Repeat the exercise again once you have taken a couple of seconds to rest in between exercises.
* Hamstring Stretch- Lie down on your back. Wrap a rope around one foot. Keep the other leg straight on the mat. Bring your elevated foot up until the rope tightens and you feel the tension in the upper thigh. Hold the position for a short time and then gently lower your leg back down to the floor. Remove the rope and place it on the other foot. Repeat the exercise with the other foot, following the same guidelines as you did with that foot.
* Reverse Fly- Find some light weights. Tighten your abs, sitting up straight while holding the weights. Bend forward until the weights are below knee level, making sure you are looking at the floor. Bring your arms out and up to the level of your shoulder. Keep your arms bent so that you do not lock your arms. Exercise caution not to lift your arms higher than shoulder level.
Exercises For Cervical Kyphosis
Cervical kyphosis causes the neck to become abnormally straight, making it difficult to maintain mobility.
* Stretching of Cervical Flexors- Move your head forward and down slowly with your chin tucked next to your chest like you are looking at the floor. Then slowly move your head back. For lateral mobility, maintain a straight posture while touching your right shoulder and ear together. Make sure that your shoulder is stationary and you are doing the work with your neck. Repeat the exercise on the left side.
* Cervical Spine Stretches- These exercises are designed to help your neck function normally. Turn your head to one direction as far as you can and hold the position momentarily, for a matter of seconds if you are able to maintain it. Repeat the exercise while looking the other direction.
Stand up, lining up your stance with your shoulders. Put your hands on the back of your head while bending to the side. Keep your elbows lined up with your body. Hold the position momentarily and repeat on the other side.
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Sometimes a rupture can occur in the walls of the stomach; which is referred to as a hernia. The question is, how does this rupture occur ? The following information will explain how a hernia is caused. Our abdominal walls are made up of muscles and tendons. In the case of a rupture, we observe that the intestines start to push through the wall of the abdomen. The pressure of the intestines on the abdominal wall causes the abdominal muscles to stretch past the point of comfort. The discomfort is experienced because of this intestinal protrusion, creating a bulge.
When one wakes up in the morning, the bulge seems less noticeable but will increase in size as you go through the day, and participate in daily activities. Enlargement occurs depending on how much one exerts themselves and which activities they partake throughout the course of the day. A doctor may conduct a test called the cough impulse examination where the patient is asked to cough. Coughing can cause the bulge to increase in size which makes it easier for the doctor to detect it and determine its size. The bulge from a hernia can range in size from a barely noticeable swelling to a football sized circular protrusion.
Symptoms of Hernia
- An increasing feeling of pressure can be felt due to the abdominal muscles being stretched. Because of this stretching, the walls of the abdomen become weighed down, allowing the bulge to appear.
- In a person who has been diagnosed with hernia and experiencing heartburn, a loss of one’s appetite is to be expected. Also, eating food can be hard when one has an acidic taste in the mouth.
- Another symptom one may experience is nausea due to the discomfort of the constant sensations felt from the heartburn. The obstruction created by the intestines is what causes the feeling of nausea to develop. It can make the individual feel lightheaded and dizzy which will have a negative effect on how they conduct any activity.
- Once nausea has started, vomiting will occur not too far after. It is not uncommon for a person to run a mild fever as well.
- Another symptom one can experience is constipation which is caused by the obstruction that the intestinal protrusion creates. Acidity also occurs with severe constipation which can further ruin a person’s appetite.
- Of all of the symptoms that occur with a hernia, it is the pain that one experiences which is most common. One will feel pain which is focused on the area where a bulge has occurred. In the case of a person suffering from a hiatal hernia they will feel pain around the chest. With an inguinal hernia, the pain will be felt in the area of the groin. The pain in the groin will also be able to shift into the abdomen causing further pressure in the surrounding areas. An inguinal hernia is also known as a sports hernia, and happens when injury takes place in the groin during any physical activity – where tissues in the groin can become damaged or torn. These symptoms all tend to be more common in men than women.